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The Textile Industry – Part II

A brief outlook on The Indian textile industry

At a broader level Indian Textile Industry can be divided into two categories: Organized and Unorganized.

Despite India being an emerging economy, the Indian Textile Industry is largely unorganized and still relies largely on traditional means in cloth manufacturing and is also highly labor intensive in nature. The clothes are produced with the help of hands via weaving and spinning methods. cap mould

The remaining half of the industry is very much organized with high importance endowed on capital intensive production processes. The sector depends on sophisticated mills by way of which technologically superior machines are utilized for mass production of textile products.

Further classification of Indian Textile Industry

• Textile industry employing fiber derived from man made means or natural cotton.
• Yarn industry using fiber or filament, similar to the man made variety
• Textile industry centered on production of wool, its offshoots and woolen products.
• Textile industry based on production and processing of Jute. tensile testing machine
• Textile industry centered on mass production of natural silk and final products from silk
• Handloom Industry
• Handicrafts industry which is primarily unorganized in nature

The textile industry employing fiber derived from man made means or natural cotton.

This sector is looked upon as the largest producer of textile products. In terms of employment opportunities, the sector employs maximum number of people in the entire industry which is said to be around a mind-boggling one million workers. According to the latest estimates by Ministry of Textiles, the total number of mills in this particular sector stood at 1818 in number. The total capacity of all these mills total to

* 35.37 million spindles and * 0.45 million rotors In between April -December 2009, the production of cloth made from man-made fibre accelerated by 21.3 percent.

Spun Yarn industry can further be segregated into two sub-sectors:-

• Cotton Yarn Manufacturing industry: The production is directly related to the production of cotton on year-on-year basis, whose production in turn largely depends on the vagaries of nature. Therefore it is widely observed that the rate of production in this sector, more often than not fluctuates.

• Non cotton yarn producing industry

The industry is growing at an unprecedented speed for the rate of production in this sector has accelerated on a consistent basis. The period between 1999 and 2005, the capacity of this sector increased between 80 and 93 percent.

 

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